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Webster's New International (2 изд.): а) у
католиков — лишение церк. должности, титула, бенефиция, привилегий (но таинство
священства не отменяется); б) у англикан — лишение должности и, обычно,
OED: 1. Deposition from some rank, office,
or position of honour as an act of punishment; esp. the depriving of an
ecclesiastic of his orders, benefices, and privileges, of a knight, military
officer, etc., of his rank, of a graduate of his academical degree. In Eccl.
Law, two kinds of degradation are recognized: see quot. 1885.
1885 Catholic Dict. 253/2
Degradation is of two kinds, verbal and real. By the first a criminous cleric
is declared to be perpetually deposed from clerical orders, or from the
execution thereof, so as to be deprived of all order and function_and of any
benefice which he might have previously enjoyed_Real or actual degradation is
that which, besides deposing a cleric from the exercise of his ministry,
actually strips him of his orders, according to a prescribed ceremonial, and
delivers him to the secular arm to be punished.
¿ 14.02.97 V