6%} n кат. ист. l бег ард ["Хр-во"] а член полумонашеского братства, осн. в XIII в. в Нидерландах
Названы по имени Ламбера ле Бега (Lambert le Begue), основавшего
сестричества бегинок (см. Beguine).
Не давали обетов, могли покидать общежития; часто жили нищенством (возможно,
отсюда англ. beggard). С XIV в. преследовались инквизицией как еретики.
In the 17th cent., those ~s who survived Papal persecution joined
the Tertiaries of the Franciscans. — В XVII в.
остатки бегардов, пережившие папские преследования, вошли во францисканский
* Нет в НБАРС, LongPD, Jones.
OED: A name given to the members of
certain lay brotherhoods which arose in the Low Countries early in the 13th c.,
subsequent to, and in imitation of, the female Beguin. ‘They took no vow, and
were allowed to leave the company when they liked.’ The name is said soon to
have been adopted by many who were simply idle mendicants: see beggar. From the
14th c. they were denounced by Popes and Councils, and persecuted by the
Inquisition. In the 17th c. such of them as still survived were absorbed in the
Tertiarii of the Franciscans. (The name was sometimes thrown abusively at other
‘heretics,’ as the Albigenses and Waldenses.)
Monastic fraternities which
first arose in the Low Countries in the late 12th cent., named after Lambert le
Begue, a priest of Liege, who also founded the Beguines. They took no vows and
were free to leave the society at will. In the 17th cent., those who survived
Papal persecution joined the Tertiaries of the Franciscans. [BD]
¿ 7.04.94 Zu, 19.12.99 V