Алюмбрадос считали, что получили просветление свыше и достигли
общения с Духом Святым; на этом основании отвергали необходимость для себя
таинств, добрых дел, участия в богослужении и т. п. Преследовались
* Kauffman: Alumbradoes, Alombradoes —
Alombrados or Alumbrados.
Нет в НБАРС, Random.
BritCD: Alumbrado (Spanish:
"Enlightened"), Italian ILLUMINATO, plural ILLUMINATI, a follower of
a mystical movement in Spain during the 16th and 17th centuries. Its adherents
claimed that the human soul, having attained a certain degree of perfection,
was permitted a vision of the divine and entered into direct communication with
the Holy Spirit. From this state the soul could neither advance nor retrogress.
Consequently, participation in the liturgy, good works, and observance of the
exterior forms of religious life were unnecessary for those who had received
the "light." The Alumbrados came primarily from among the reformed
Franciscans and the Jesuits, but their doctrines seem to have influenced all
classes of people. The extravagant claims made for their visions and
revelations caused them to be relentlessly persecuted. The Inquisition issued
edicts against them on three occasions (1568, 1574, and 1623).
?}: One of the Spanish Illuminati or Perfectionists, who arose
about 1575, and were suppressed by the Inquisition; hence sometimes applied to
any one claiming special spiritual illumination.
¿ 25.09.99 V